We get it. Details of blood can make everyone a little shy, so we thought it might be helpful to try to clear a few things up about menstruation.
Remember when we got the infamous talk about sex, hair, odor, and other bodily changes that signaled puberty is coming?
Here are eight myths people need to get straight — as in, forget.Myth 1: We’re always on ‘that time of the month’
First of all, it’s important to understand that a woman’s menstrual cycle is not the same as her period. The actual time that a woman bleeds is known as menstruation, but her menstrual cycle is the entire time from one period starting to the next.
Although it’s widely circulated that a woman’s menstrual cycle lasts 28 days, that’s only an average number.
Some women’s cycles are much longer, from 29 to 35 days, while others can be shorter. Situations like travel, weight fluctuation, emotions, and medication can all affect when a woman’s period occurs, too.
So, comments about how women are “always on their time of the month” aren’t appreciated.
Every period is like every woman — unique to the individual.
The pain we get during a period is real. We’re not talking about headaches or bumping into sharp corners. Some of us have to take off work and curl up in bed, hoping the pinching cramps will subside because it’s that bad.
This condition even has a medical name: dysmenorrhea.
In fact, around 20 percent of women have dysmenorrhea that’s severe enough to interfere with their daily activities. This condition affects our ability to concentrate, makes us more anxious, and can make us downright unpleasant. It’s also not anything you’ve experienced before.
There’s a very real physical change in a woman’s body during this time. In the days leading up to a woman’s period beginning — when she’s “PMSing” — her levels of estrogen plummet, while her levels of progesterone sharply increase.
Estrogen is linked to serotonin, the “happy hormone,” and progesterone is linked to the part of the brain that causes fear, anxiety, and depression. The effects of hormones on mood are complicated, and while progesterone may depress some emotions, it has a mood-balancing effect.
It may be tempting to write off seemingly drastic changes in moods as “just hormones,” but mood changes caused by hormones are still real. It may happen on a more monthly basis for us, but it doesn’t invalidate our feelings.Myth 4: Hormones define women
Speaking of hormones, women have been accused of being “hormonal” for a long time. Some men have even equated our feelings to hysteria, as if it’s an illness, to explain female behavior, but news flash: Everyone has hormones, and nobody likes them to be messed with. Even men.
Just take a look at this study on male contraception, which was discontinued because participants couldn’t handle contraception’s side effects of acne, injection pain, and emotional disorders.
Women accept these same side effects with their birth control, even if they negatively affect our overall well-being.Myth 5: Period blood is dirty blood
Period blood isn’t rejected body fluids or the body’s way of flushing out toxins. Think of it as evolved vaginal secretion — there’s a little bit of blood, uterine tissue, mucus lining, and bacteria.
But it doesn’t change whether or not we can have sex, and it doesn’t mean conditions are less than ideal down there.
Period blood is very different from blood that moves continuously through the veins. In fact, it’s less concentrated blood. It has fewer blood cells than ordinary blood.Myth 6: Only women get periods
Not every woman gets her period and not every female who gets a period considers themselves a woman. Transgender men may still get their periods, just as transgender women might not have periods.
Menstruation isn’t always just a “woman’s” issue. It’s a human issue.Myth 7: Periods are a personal issue
Periods are a humanitarian crisis. In 2014, the United Nations declared that menstrual hygiene was a public health issue.
Many people don’t have access to the proper hygiene, resources, and support they need for their periods. In India, girls miss school 1 to 2 days every month because of their periods, which can drastically affect their education and future.Myth 8: Periods are shameful
If we stop thinking that periods are gross, shameful, and dirty, then perhaps it wouldn’t be a humanitarian crisis. But the truth is, we have a long history of embarrassment to overcome. It’s so ingrained in our behavior that being put on blast for having our period doesn’t help.
We shouldn’t have to feel like we need to whisper about needing a tampon or hide a tampon up our sleeve. Periods aren’t anything out of the ordinary, and neither is talking about them.
Let’s do our part to change this cycle and ditch the stigma. After all, periods and the balance of hormones are what help us stay young!
Seriously, periods are part of our body’s answer to slowing aging and even reduce our risks of cardiovascular disease.
Written by Christal Yuen — Updated on April 15, 2019
Behre HM, et al. (2016). Efficacy and safety of an injectable combination hormonal contraceptive for me.
Every woman’s right to water, sanitation, and hygiene. (2014).
Graham BM, et al. (2018). Sex hormones are associated with rumination and interact with emotion regulation strategy choice to predict negative affect in women following a sad mood induction. DOI:
Menstrual hygiene management in schools in South Asia. (n.d.).
Photo Credit: Ava Sol